Obsolete laws, or that over time prove ineffective in solving citizens' problems, do not have to be violated, but must be changed through the legal procedures provided for it. That's how forceful the government delegate in the Canary Islands, Mercedes Roldós, said yesterday during the celebration of the thirty-ninth anniversary of the Constitution in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. With the Catalan secessionist challenge and the petitions to reform the law to adapt it to the current situation of the country as a backdrop, Roldós said that "nothing is unchangeable", although he stressed the importance of finding the right moment and consensus necessary to address the reform of the Magna Carta. Different Canarian politicians of different sign highlighted, in turn, the opportunity for the Constitution to recognize the ultraperity of the Islands and anchor the Economic and Fiscal Regime (REF) of the Canary Islands.
In an act in which there were numerous civil and military authorities, Roldós stressed that a territorial commission has already been launched in the Congress of Deputies to analyze possible changes in the Constitution. These, he assured, already have established reform procedures, but require broad majorities such as the one that occurred in 1978 to light the Magna Carta.
The delegate of the Government in the Archipelago affected the attitude of some parties not to participate in the commission for the Modernization of the Autonomous State, proposed by the PSOE with the aim of culminating in a reform of the Constitution. The slamming of Podemos, PDeCAT, ERC and PNV to this initiative closes the avenues to reach an agreement, so Roldós warned that if those who demand a modification of the Magna Carta do so to impose what they did not achieve in 1978 - the denial of the constitutional consensus and that the Magna Carta "ceases to be the home of all Spaniards" - the State will not accept it.
After the interpretation of the anthem of Spain by the municipal band, the delegate addressed those present to defend one of the aspects that has most aroused in recent times: the State of Autonomies, collected in the eighth title of the Constitution. This model, as he explained, has served to articulate the nation "and for people to deal better with their problems".
However, he clarified that the fact of being registered in one community or another does not mean that citizens cease to be equal before the law of laws. Not in vain, insisted that the unit is the main strength of Spain. "A united country is a strong country or at least it is better constituted to overcome the adverse moments," he stressed, while stressing that an autonomous state does not mean fragmentation into plots. "We do not form a nation of nations, but a nation of people, of free and equal citizens," he said.
Two canary politicians from the Canary Islands in celebration of the Constitution's birthday, Jerónimo Saavedra and Diego Cambreleng, defended, on their part, the need to address the revision of the territorial model. For Cambreleng, this reform is difficult to carry out, but he understands that it has to be carried out to respond to a state divided into 17 communities and which, in his opinion, already functions as a federal model. Saavedra noted, meanwhile, that in order to be "truly federal", all that is needed is to change the composition of the Senate, for which he suggested copying the German model, and dividing the eighth title in two blocks instead of three. Constitution: one for exclusive competences of the State and one that defines those of the communities. In this way, it affected, the "conflicts of interpretation" that arise from a third group in which attributions are shared are avoided.
Roldós emphasized, in turn, the progress and development of democracy that the 1978 Magna Carta has meant for the country, since he described the last 39 years as "the most prosperous period" in the history of Spain.
Opportunity for the Canary Islands
A hundred civil and military authorities and businessmen attended the commemoration ceremony, which was not attended by the president of the Cabildo de Gran Canaria, Antonio Morales. Who was present was the vice president of the regional executive and public works and transport counselor, Pablo Rodríguez (CC), who highlighted the "great opportunity" that opens up for the Canary Islands in the debate on the constitutional reform to achieve the recognition of ultraperity of the Archipelago, as in the Treaty of the European Union, and the anchorage of the REF. "We bet on this Constitution and also for a reform of it, provided that there is a broad consensus and no further divisions are generated."
The mayor of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Augusto Hidalgo (PSOE), also pointed to the need to modify the constitutional text of 1978 to adapt it to the reality of the country 39 years after its approval.